Black Bears Are Returning, Learn More and Avoid Encounters

Jun 11, 2020

Black bears prefer to eat berries, grasses, acorns, insects, and an occasional newborn deer or elk. When one of those food sources is cut off, they often seek out unsecured trash cans.
Credit courtesy of Colorado Parks & Wildlife

While you worried about the coronavirus, a familiar presence awoke from its winter slumber and went looking for dinner.

Black bears in southwest Colorado have been active since April. They’re foraging for food and sometimes finding it in trash cans. With many people observing Colorado’s “safer-at-home” order, they could come into contact - and conflict - with bears.

Luke Clancy is the Bear Education Coordinator for Colorado Parks & Wildlife's Durango office. We reached out to him to find out more about the health of our ursine neighbors. And what you can do to avoid meeting up with them in your backyard.
 


According to state wildlife officials, Colorado is home to 19,000 black bears. Southwest Colorado is prime habitat because of our relatively mild winters and lack of population.

But bears are beginning to like human development. A recent six-year study of black bears near Durango revealed that they’re spending less time in hibernation and living closer to towns. They prefer their natural diet of nuts and berries but when they can’t find it they’ll travel into neighborhoods and raid unsecured trash cans.

Refuse is a big threat to bear safety. In their zeal to feed, they sometimes ingest cardboard containers, which can clog their digestive systems and starve them. Some even suffer severe cuts to their tongues while trying to lick broken glass and cans.

Human behavior has a direct effect on bear behavior. CPW and organizations such as Bear Smart Durango work with residents and businesses to become “bear aware” and make neighborhoods unappealing to the animals. Property owners are encouraged to use bear-resistant trash cans, gather fruit that’s fallen from trees, and install electrified fences to protect livestock and beehives.

The goal is to keep bears from becoming comfortable around us. They return to their natural habitat because there’s nothing in a neighborhood to sustain them.

A bear-resistant trash can, for example, should be almost impossible for a hungry ursine to breach. It should even be hard for a human to access.

Additional resources:

Colorado Parks & Wildlife’s Bear Aware resources
KSUT Reporter Mark Duggan’s 2016 story about the Durango bear study

KSUT COVID-19 news reporting is made possible by support from individual donors and the Colorado Media Project.